Insight-oriented psychotherapy is a form of treatment that helps people through understanding and expressing feelings, motivations, beliefs, fears and desires. The understanding develops in the context of a therapeutic relationship. Central concepts developed from psychoanalysis include the belief that psychiatric symptoms and patterns of behavior are partially determined by unconscious forces related to a patient’s early life experience, as well as more contemporary models of object relations and self-psychology, which stress the importance of both early and current relationships in mental health. In asking questions as the client describes elements of their life and experience, past and present, the therapist helps the client to become aware of fears and expectations that he/she may not have been previously consciously aware of. Awareness brings new opportunities to shed old, no longer adaptive patterns, and to create a new way of thinking, feeling and relating to others and oneself.
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